The most fascinating thing about Egypt is its ability to astonish the world with its Arabic music that reflects such idealistic diversity. Highly developed music was an essential element of religious worship in ancient Egypt, and had a vital role in the religious rituals, hymns and prayers. Arabic Music therapy has been known since ancient times, when ancient man used singing and dancing as a part of his rituals to throw out the evil spirits, which were waiting to attack him.
The Egyptian songs has been the core of the Egyptian culture; it has become very important not only in the daily life but professionally talking. Egypt is very famous in its TV series and Egyptian cinema movies that include almost all the time Egyptian songs. You rarely watch an Egyptian movie that doesn’t include Egyptian musical scenes. In addition to the Arabic Festivals, ceremonies, and traditional parties that embrace the musical pulses.
Most musical scenes show dancers accompanied by Egyptian musicians playing instruments. Egypt has been recognized by specific musical instruments such as the Rababa, a spike fiddle traditionally used to accompany poetry; Zummarah (Egyptian version of Mijwiz, the Lebanese instrument) this instrument has two identical reed tubes, each tube has five or six holes and a smaller tube inside which vibrates to produce the sound, it is played using a circular breathing technique which produces a continuous sound, unlike a flute.
Great artists traced the history of the Egyptian songs. Farid Al Atrach appeared as a multi-talented star who captured women's hearts as a leading man, composed Arabic music that became instantly Arabic hits throughout the Arabic world, and abroad; he played the Oud as well. Another Egyptian artist who rose to fame and popularity was Mohammed Abdel Wahab, an actor, singer, composer, lyricist and musician, his baritone rendering of the classical Arab poetry from the ‘golden age’. Abdel Halim Hafez puzzled listeners with his soft lilting voice and romantic verses, he became known as the ‘Nightingale of the Nile’, many of his Arabic songs written for films have a jazz Hollywood mood. Even today, several decades after his death, he is widely adored and listened to. Oum Kalthoum was especially popular, and is considered the most successful Egyptian recording artist in history.
The newly Egyptian singers have grown numerously just as: Angham, Sherine Wagdy, Wael Mansour, Hossam Habib, Yasser ... a new breed of Arab world music stars, they mix the contemporary and classical forms with a freedom known only to her generation to produce the modern Arab song. Amr Diab having shaped and formed the Egyptian pop songs over the past fifteen years, he is the pop superstar of the Arab world and a role model for an emerging youth. Along with many singers who not only are famous in singing but in acting as well (& vice versa): Ruby, Shadia, Soad Hosny…
Mohamed Fouad, Hani Shaker, Hamada Helal, Mostafa Amar …each having their own style that has perfectly reached the public minds and became distinguished different.
The sha'bi (Cha3bi)
The Egyptian song is a model for the singers in the Arab world. The most popular kind is the sha'bi (song streets of Cairo), appeared in 1970, and it introduced new music instruments to this kind of Egyptian music: accordion, drums, synthesizer, saxophone, ...
Another kind of music is called "Jeel" sort of Arabic techno-pop, appeared in the late 1980s, this is the modern young music compared to the classical Arabic song, melodramatic and theatrical.
Egyptian Oriental Music
The music was also used for belly dancing in Egypt, famous for the kind "Raks Sharki" or belly dance, where women dance using mainly their body and arms. Many people interpret it as arousing sexual feelings, but the reality is that this kind of dance is a difficult art to practice and joins body and soul.
The Egyptian songs from ancient times till our modern day has always been in constant improvement and so will continue to engrave the history of Egypt.