Sudan is an African country, however the Arab culture has affected the Sudanese music due to the Muslim Arab domination at a point in history. In the Arabic language, Sudan is called: "the land of the blacks" since the black Africans are very numerous in the country, and thus this variety of ethnicities has formed the music of Sudan.
Each region in Sudan has its own musical history: South Sudan have their own Arabic songs about war and liberation, Nuba mountains mix between the north and south cultures and sing for the revival of their individuality, North Sudan still struggle with the interpretation of Sudani music in the Muslim country which face many opponent views between the Arabic music and the Quran.
Musical instruments in the Sudani music include the lute, lyre, horns and tambour.
Modern Arabic music of Sudan deals with love, woman and the beautiful images of life to liberate the repression that was hidden from long times ago.
Arabic jazz music in Sudan has been prevailing since 1960, introducing the electric guitar and electronic keyboards
to the music composition. Jazz singers in eastern African country rose to fame in the world, like Abdelkader Slim
who was one of few singers to deal with non political songs.
In 1969, the Institute of Music and Drama was established and it endured the Islamic Front Regime until 1989 when its whole concept was changed and based on religious regulations.
Sudani music take a different image when outside the borders of Sudan. Sudan female singers and dancers revolutionize when performing in foreign countries away from their home country. Sudan has a rich culture and unique Arabic music that continues to roam the world.